#include <nghttp2/nghttp2.h>

int nghttp2_session_create_idle_stream(nghttp2_session *session, int32_t stream_id, const nghttp2_priority_spec *pri_spec)


Deprecated. RFC 7540 priorities are deprecated by RFC 9113. Consider migrating to RFC 9218 extensible prioritization scheme. In the future release after the end of 2024, this function will always return 0 without doing anything.

Creates idle stream with the given stream_id, and priority pri_spec.

The stream creation is done without sending PRIORITY frame, which means that peer does not know about the existence of this idle stream in the local endpoint.

RFC 7540 does not disallow the use of creation of idle stream with odd or even stream ID regardless of client or server. So this function can create odd or even stream ID regardless of client or server. But probably it is a bit safer to use the stream ID the local endpoint can initiate (in other words, use odd stream ID for client, and even stream ID for server), to avoid potential collision from peer's instruction. Also we can use nghttp2_session_set_next_stream_id() to avoid to open created idle streams accidentally if we follow this recommendation.

If session is initialized as server, and pri_spec->stream_id points to the idle stream, the idle stream is created if it does not exist. The created idle stream will depend on root stream (stream 0) with weight 16.

Otherwise, if stream denoted by pri_spec->stream_id is not found, we use default priority instead of given pri_spec. That is make stream depend on root stream with weight 16.

If nghttp2_settings_id.NGHTTP2_SETTINGS_NO_RFC7540_PRIORITIES of value of 1 is submitted via nghttp2_submit_settings(), this function does nothing and returns 0.

This function returns 0 if it succeeds, or one of the following negative error codes:


Out of memory.


Attempted to depend on itself; or stream denoted by stream_id already exists; or stream_id cannot be used to create idle stream (in other words, local endpoint has already opened stream ID greater than or equal to the given stream ID; or stream_id is 0